Know the rules of the trail
If you’re planning on riding an event or spending a decent amount of time on the trails, it’s a good idea to familiarise yourself with trail-riding best practice.
These guidelines for trail behavior are recognised around the world. The International Mountain Bicycling Association developed the “Rules of the Trail” to promote responsible and courteous conduct on shared-use trails. Keep in mind that conventions for yielding and passing may vary, depending on regional and country traditions, traffic conditions and the intended use of the trail. These are an excellent guideline for all trail users and every mountain biker should memorise them.
Ride On Open Trails Only
Respect trail and road closures — ask a landowner for clarification if you are uncertain about the status of a trail. Do not trespass on private land. Obtain permits or other authorisation as may be required.
Leave No Trace
Be sensitive to the ground beneath you. Wet and muddy trails are more vulnerable to damage than dry ones. When the trail is soft, consider other riding options. This also means staying on existing trails and not creating new ones. Don’t cut switchbacks. Be sure to pack out at least as much as you pack in.
Control Your Bicycle
Inattention for even a moment could put yourself and others at risk. Obey all bicycle speed regulations and recommendations. Very importantly, ride within your limits.
Yield to Others
Do your utmost to let your fellow trail users know you’re coming — a friendly greeting or bell ring are good methods. Try to anticipate other trail users as you ride around corners. Bicyclists should yield to all other trail users, unless the trail is clearly signed for bike-only travel. Bicyclists traveling downhill should yield to ones headed uphill, unless the trail is clearly signed for one-way or downhill-only traffic. Strive to make each pass a safe and courteous one.
Never Scare Animals
Animals are easily startled by an unannounced approach, a sudden movement or a loud noise. Give animals enough room and time to adjust to you. When passing horses, use special care and follow directions from the horseback riders (ask if uncertain).
Know your equipment, your ability and the area in which you are riding — and prepare accordingly. Strive to be self-sufficient: keep your equipment in good repair and carry necessary supplies for changes in weather.